소아청소년 정신의학의 연구와 교육의 발전을 위해 일하시는 대한소아청소년정신의학회의 학술지 "소아청소년정신의학회지 (Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)"에 "Autism Spectrum Disorder and Eating Problems: The Imbalance of Gut Microbiota and the Gut-Brain Axis Hypothesis"의 제목으로 논문을 출판하게 되었습니다.
자폐 소아청소년이 가지는 식이 문제, 이에 따른 장내미생물의 불균형, 최근 화두가 되고 있는 장-뇌축 가설에 따른 식이관리의 중요성을 담았습니다.
J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2024; 35(1): 51-56 Published online January 1, 2024
Autism Spectrum Disorder and Eating Problems: The Imbalance of Gut Microbiota and the Gut-Brain Axis Hypothesis
Jiyoung Kim1,2 1NUSEUM Inc., Seoul, Korea 2Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
Abstract This review explores the complexities of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), primarily focusing on the significant eating challenges faced by children and adolescents with this neurodevelopmental condition. It is common for individuals with ASD to exhibit heightened sensitivity to various sensory aspects of food such as taste, texture, smell, and visual appeal, leading to restricted and less diverse diets. These dietary limitations are believed to contribute to an imbalance in the gut microbiota. This review elaborates on how these eating problems, coupled with the distinctive characteristics of ASD, might be influenced by and, in turn, influence the gut-brain axis, a bidirectional communication system between the gastrointestinal tract and the brain. This discussion aims to shed light on the multifaceted interactions and potential implications of diet, gut health, and neurological development and function in children and adolescents with ASD.
I would like to express my sincere gratitude to Amazon Web Service Korea, MinSung Cho, and Sungwon Yang for their support in developing innovative digital technologies to address eating problems among children with ASD.